Zabbix监控程序详解

2019-11-21 01:54栏目:网络系统
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RedHat 7.1 安装 Zabbix 监察和控制程序精解(符合对linux初级客户卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎2017-05-02

设置步骤:

1.zabbix须求安装LAMP架构

2.安装zabbix服务

3.初始化zabbix系统

 

1.设置情形:VMware设想

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[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 7.1 (Maipo)
[root@localhost ~]# uname -a
Linux localhost.localdomain 3.10.0-229.el7.x86_64 #1 SMP Thu Jan 29 18:37:38 EST 2015 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

=================================好呢,下边起首安装LAMP架构============================

1.为了方便获取安装使用,首先配置YUM服务,RedHat 暗中同意YUM已安装,下边大家一贯配置YUM本地源和网络源就可以。

[root@localhost ~]# mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom
 mount: /dev/sr0 is write-protected, mounting read-only 

2.查看yum是或不是安装;(以下标示已设置卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)

[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa |grep yum*
yum-metadata-parser-1.1.4-10.el7.x86_64
yum-3.4.3-125.el7.noarch
yum-rhn-plugin-2.0.1-5.el7.noarch
keyutils-libs-1.5.8-3.el7.x86_64
python-pyudev-0.15-6.el7.noarch

3.配置yum本地源和互联网源;

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# mkdir  repobak   #新建一个备份文件夹

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]#mv *  repobak    #讲yum.repos.d 文件夹内文件备份到repobak内

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]#vi zabbix.repo     #新建多个zabbix.repo YUM源文件,增加如下:

=================================zabbix.repo文件===================================

[zabbix]
name=Zabbix Official Repository - $basearch                                 #可援用变量$basearh为系统平台项目(x86_64&i386)
baseurl=          #互联网源地址 (镜像站卡塔尔国
enabled=1                                                                               #启用为1 禁用为0
gpgcheck=1                                                                             #校验为1 明确命令禁绝校验为0
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-ZABBIX-A14FE591      # 这一个依据系统版本自动生成,可粗略。

[zabbix-non-supported]
name=Zabbix Official Repository non-supported - $basearch
baseurl=
enabled=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-ZABBIX                   # 那个依照系统版本自动生成,可回顾。
gpgcheck=1
[waiwang]
name=waiwang
baseurl=
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
[extras]
name=extras
baseurl=
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0

======================================END====================================

4.消除YUM缓存文件

[root@localhost ~]# yum clean all                                           #清除yum缓存

Loaded plugins: product-id, subscription-manager
This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register.
Cleaning repos: extras waiwang zabbix zabbix-non-supported
Cleaning up everything 

5.创造YUM缓存文件

 

[澳门新葡亰平台游戏,root@localhost ~]# yum makecache                                    #生成yum缓存

Loaded plugins: product-id, subscription-manager
This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register.
extras | 3.4 kB 00:00 
waiwang | 3.6 kB 00:00 
zabbix | 951 B 00:00 
zabbix-non-supported | 951 B 00:00 
(1/8): extras/prestodelta | 99 kB 00:00 
(2/8): extras/primary_db | 151 kB 00:00 
(3/8): waiwang/group_gz | 155 kB 00:00 
(4/8): extras/other_db | 640 kB 00:01 
澳门新葡亰平台官网,(5/8): extras/filelists_db | 770 kB 00:02 
(6/8): waiwang/filelists_db | 6.6 MB 00:02 
(7/8): waiwang/other_db | 2.4 MB 00:00 
(8/8): waiwang/primary_db | 5.6 MB 00:03 
(1/6): zabbix/x86_64/primary | 13 kB 00:00 
(2/6): zabbix/x86_64/filelists | 43 kB 00:00 
(3/6): zabbix/x86_64/other | 7.7 kB 00:00 
(4/6): zabbix-non-supported/x86_64/filelists | 660 B 00:00 
(5/6): zabbix-non-supported/x86_64/primary | 1.6 kB 00:00 
(6/6): zabbix-non-supported/x86_64/other | 1.5 kB 00:00 
zabbix 92/92
zabbix 92/92
zabbix 92/92
zabbix-non-supported 4/4
zabbix-non-supported 4/4
zabbix-non-supported 4/4
Metadata Cache Created 

6.[root@localhost ~]# yum  list  能够查看YUM获取到的公文列表

7.关闭firewall:(vi/etc/selinux/)

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl stop firewalld.service                       #停止firewall

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl disable firewalld.service                   #禁止firewall开机运行

[root@localhost ~]# vi /etc/selinux/config                                     #将selinux=enforcing  改为 selinux=disabled 即可。

[root@localhost ~]# sestatus                                                       #查看selinux状态

 

=======================================结束YUM景况已经计划完毕=======================

意气风发.早先安装LAMP架构

1.安装Apache

[root@localhost ~]#yum install httpd                                           #基于提醒,输入Y安装就可以成功安装

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl start httpd.service                          #启动apache

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl stop httpd.service                           #停止apache

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl restart httpd.service                       #重启apache

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl enable httpd.service                       #设置apache开机运维

 

2.安装MariaDB

MuranoHEL 7.0中,已经应用MariaDB代替了MySQL数据库

2.1安装MariaDB

[root@localhost ~]#yum install mariadb mariadb-server                #了解是否要设置,输入Y就能够自行安装,直到安装到位

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl start mariadb.service                      #启动MariaDB

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl stop mariadb.service                      #停止MariaDB

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl restart mariadb.service                  #重启MariaDB

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl enable mariadb.service                  #设置开机运营

3.安装PHP

[root@localhost ~]#yum install php                                          #据书上说提示输入Y直到安装达成 

4.安装PHP组件,使PHP支持 MariaDB

[root@localhost ~]#yum install php-mysql php-gd libjpeg*  php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mhash  

                                                                                                                  #此地采取上述安装包举行设置,根据提醒输入Y回车

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl restart mariadb.service                                        #重启MariaDB

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl restart httpd.service                                            #重启apache

 

5.再一次开动服务

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl restart mariadb.service                                       #重启MariaDB

[root@localhost ~]#systemctl restart httpd.service                                           #重启apache

 

6.登录  测量试验httpd服务是或不是正规。

=========================LAMP架构已经搭建完成==========================================

二.zabbix服务的安装和配置

1设置存储库配置文件

[root@localhost ~]#rpm -ivh

2.安装zabbix程序

[root@localhost ~]#yum install zabbix-server-mysql zabbix-web-mysql zabbix-get zabbix-agent 安装zabbix,提醒点"y"就可以完成安装。

[root@localhost ~]#rpm -ql zabbix-server-mysql  验证安装文件

/etc/logrotate.d/zabbix-server
/etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
/usr/lib/systemd/system/zabbix-server.service
/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/zabbix-server.conf
/usr/lib/zabbix/alertscripts
/usr/lib/zabbix/externalscripts
/usr/sbin/zabbix_server_mysql
/usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-3.2.5
/usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-3.2.5/AUTHORS
/usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-3.2.5/COPYING
/usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-3.2.5/ChangeLog
/usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-3.2.5/NEWS
/usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-3.2.5/README
/usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-3.2.5/create.sql.gz
/usr/share/man/man8/zabbix_server.8.gz
/var/log/zabbix
/var/run/zabbix

3.初始化mariadb数据库

[root@localhost ~]#mysql -u root 

澳门新葡亰平台游戏 1

 

4..导入zabbix伊始情势和数量

[root@localhost ~]#zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-3.2.1/create.sql.gz | mysql -uroot zabbix 

[root@localhost ~]#mysql -u root  验证数据是或不是导入成功

MariaDB [zabbix]>use zabbix;

Database changed
MariaDB [zabbix]> show tables;
+----------------------------+
| Tables_in_zabbix |
+----------------------------+
| acknowledges |
| actions |
| alerts |
| application_discovery |
| application_prototype |
| application_template |
| applications |
| auditlog |

5.安插zabbix配置文件,改进数据库密码为zabbix

[root@localhost ~]#vi /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf

DBPassword=zabbix

 

6.配置Http配置文件,改良时区为澳国香岛

# vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/zabbix.conf

php_value date.timezone Asia/Shanghai

 

7.起步zabbix-server,并安装开机自启

#systemctl start zabbix-server

#systemctl enable zabbix-server

注意:

①假如zabbixserver无法运营,则供给设置trousers扶助包。

#yum install trousers

②如果报pid错误

亟需做软连接/var/run > /run

#ln -s /var/run /run

 

8.开始http,并安装开机自启

#systemctl start httpd

#systemctl enable httpd

 

9.起步zabbix-agent,并安装开机自启

#systemctl start zabbix-agent

#systemctl enable zabbix-agent

 

10行使IE登入zabbix图形分界面举办设置。

地址:

账户:admin   密码:zabbix

 

11. zabbix图形分界面包车型大巴配备。图形界面配置互连网有大多,能够活动查询,此处省略。。。。。。。。。。

 

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